Causes of Vertigo

It may be feeling off balance, extreme dizzy spells or just feeling like the world around you is spinning. Either way, when you experience symptoms like this, you are likely experiencing vertigo. While the term is used quite casually today, vertigo is actually a very serious issue and one that can impact all types of people, especially older adults as we age. Before you can get treatment for vertigo, it is essential to understand how it develops. This is because vertigo is typically a side effect of a much more serious problem. In short, if you understand the cause, you can treat the condition at the root of the vertigo.

There are a few main causes of vertigo, but the most common is cause is some type of inner ear issue. This includes the following conditions:

Meniere’s disease. If you are experiencing ringing in their ears and hearing loss, it may not just be because of old age. You may be suffering from a condition known as Meniere’s disease. This is an inner ear problem that is caused by a buildup of excess fluid in the ear and changing pressures. One of the biggest side effects of this disease is sudden episodes of vertigo.

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. This condition may have a complicated name, but it is actually quite common. Also known as BPPV, this condition develops when calcium particles start to clump up in the inner ear canals. This causes the inner ear to miscommunicate with the brain as it attempts to keep its balance—the result? Long episodes of vertigo. This is perhaps the most common reason seniors experience vertigo as BPPV is most commonly associated with age.

Labyrinthitis. This is actually an inner ear infection that causes the nerves surrounding the inner ear to become inflamed. This throws off the body’s ability to sense balance and often results in feelings of vertigo. The infection is typically viral, but it easy to treat.

Inner ear problems may be the most common cause of vertigo, but it doesn’t mean that they are the only sources of this common problem. Strokes, brain tumors, migraines and head or neck injuries can all cause vertigo. There are also a number of medications that actually have vertigo as a side effect. If you have eliminated inner ear issues as the cause of your vertigo, then you can explore these options as the potential cause of the issue.

If you may be experiencing vertigo and are noticing issues with balance, dizziness and lightheadedness; it is important that you take them to see their healthcare provider immediately. You may be suffering from an inner ear problem or they may have something more serious such as a stroke or tumor developing. Either way, the quicker you are able to find the root of the problem and get some professional assistance, the sooner you can get your vertigo issue under control and return to life as normal.

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